Indonesia is a beautiful country with diverse cultures and many natural wonders. It has ancient temples, beautiful beaches, hundreds of volcanoes, endangered wildlife, and abundant natural resources.
Indonesia includes some of the largest and most exotic islands in the world, including Bali, Borneo, Java, Komodo, New Guinea, and Sumatra. Indonesia has more than 17,500 islands in all. The nation shares two of its largest islands with neighboring countries. The Indonesian state of Papua, formerly known as Irian Jaya, occupies the western half of New Guinea—the world’s second largest island.
Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Kalimantan (Indonesian Borneo), and Papua (Indonesian New Guinea)—account for about 90 percent of Indonesia’s land. Java is one of the most densely populated islands in the world and is home to more than 60 percent of Indonesia’s population.